What is Ortodontic Treatment?

Orthodontic problems can cause; abnormal wear of tooth surfaces, inefficient chewing function, excessive stress on gum tissue and the bone that supports the teeth and misalignment of the jaw joints – sometimes leading to chronic headaches or pain in the face or neck. Untreated orthodontic problems may worsen over time. This could lead to tooth decay, gum disease, destruction of the bone that holds teeth in place, and chewing and digestive difficulties.

Dental braces are one of the leading practices of dentistry and area of expertise and involve treatment of anomalies related to facial complex and jaw. This practice is defined as orthodontic therapy that supports expansion of boundaries through aesthetical judgement.

What are the Types of Dental Braces?

Dental braces (orthodontic therapy) are used to treat anomalies of the face and jaw, dental overcrowding, and correct misaligned teeth to give the patient a pleasing smile.

Traditional braces have progressed since the early days and are now lighter in weight and structure than they used to be. They are made from a high-grade stainless steel and have metal brackets that are attached to each tooth using a type of cement.

Ceramic Braces work in the same way as traditional braces, but the brackets are made from a clear, transparent ceramic material. The braces are less visible to others, which makes them a popular choice for adults who need orthodontic treatment.

Damon Braces are self-ligating and use a slide mechanism instead of elastics to connect the archwires. This type of braces is currently enjoying a wave of popularity with orthodontists because it provides gentler treatment and requires fewer dental visits.

Invisalign Treatment (Orthodontic treatment without braces)

Invisalign, a recent innovation in orthodontic treatment, that does away with the usual metal braces, but instead utilizes custom-made, transparent aligners to straighten the patient’s teeth. As the name suggests, ‘Invisalign’ treatment involves a literally invisible, removable series of aligners which are replaced every two weeks. Each aligner is custom made for your mouth only. Every time you replace an aligner, your teeth gradually move until they are straightened and achieve the final position required by your dentist.

Other than not being visible (which will save the patient any embarrassment), the advantages are no oral irritation, and they are removable when the patient eats, drinks and brushes their teeth. The duration of treatment varies from case to case. The duration of treatment with ‘Invisalign’ may be relatively shorter than the duration of standard orthodontic treatment.

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